Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman Presents Union Budget 2019
Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman presented the Union Budget 2019 in the Parliament on Friday. The first Budget of Narendra Modi government’s second tenure is the maiden one for Sitharaman, who is the second woman finance minister of India after Indira Gandhi. Here are the key highlights of budget 2019:
Employment 80 Livelihood business incubators and 20 technology business incubators to be set up in 2019-20 under ASPIRE to develop 75,000 skilled entrepreneurs in agro-rural industries.
Increase focus on skill sets required by the youth to apply for job opportunities abroad like language skills and artificial intelligence (AI).
We propose to start a television programme on DD National, exclusively for startups. This programme will be designed and executed by startup’s themselves.
‘Naari tu Narayaani’ “I draw attention to the women of India, ‘Naari tu Narayaani’. This government believes that we can progress, with greater women participation.”
To further encourage women entrepreneurship, Women Self-help Groups (SHGs) Interest Subvention Programme to be expanded to all districts in India.
An overdraft of Rs 5,000 will be allowed for every verified woman SHG member having a Jan Dhan account.
One woman in every SHG shall be made eligible for a loan of 1 lakh rupees under MUDRA scheme.
Banks Government considering to go below 51% to an appropriate level of ownership stake in non-financial public sector undertakings on case by case basis.
Public Sector Banks (PSBs) to be provided Rs 70,000 crore to boost capital and improve credit.
PSBs will use technology, enabling customer of one PSB to access service across all PSBs as well.
For purchase of high-rated pooled assets of financially sound Non Banking Finance Companies (NBFCs) amounting to Rs 1 lakh crore during 2019-20, one-time six-month partial credit guarantee to be given to PSBs.
Proposals for strengthening regulatory authority of RBI over NBFCs have been made. Regulation authority over housing finance sector to be returned from National Housing Bank to RBI.
Railways Railway infra would need an investment of 50 lakh crores between 2018 and 2030.
Railways to be encouraged to invest more in suburban railways through Special Purpose Vehicles (SPV) structures such as Rapid Regional Transport System (RRTS); more Public Private Partner (PPP) initiatives to be encouraged in rail sector.
Massive programme of railway station modernization to be launched in 2019.
Electric Vehicles (EVs) Government has already moved GST council to lower the GST rate on electric vehicles(EV) from 12% to 5%.
Government will provide Rs 1.5 lakh income tax deduction on interest payments on loan taken for purchase of electric vehicles.
FAME II scheme aims to encourage faster adoption of electric vehicles by right incentives and charging infrastructure.
Customs duty on certain parts of electric vehicles being exempted to promote e-mobility.
Tax Direct tax collection increased by 78%; Tax collection rose from Rs 6.38 lakh crore in 2013-14 to Rs 11.37 lakh crore in 2018.
All companies having annual turnover of 400 crores, will now be under the bracket of 25% corporate tax rate . This will cover 99.3% of all the companies.
More than 120 crore Indians now have Aadhar card, therefore for ease of tax payers I propose to make PAN card and Aadhar card interchangeable and allow those who don’t have PAN to file returns by simply quoting Aadhar number and use it wherever they require to use PAN.
To provide further impetus to affordable housing, additional deduction of 1.5 lakh rupees on interest paid on loans borrowed upto 31 Mar, 2020 for purchase of house up to 45 lakhs.
Faceless income tax assessment in electronic mode involving no human interface to be launched this year in a phased manner, to reduce taxpayer harassment.
GST Rs 350 crore allocated for 2% interest subvention for all GST-registered MSMEs on fresh or incremental loans.
“We are further simplifying #GST regime”. A simplified single monthly return being rolled out; taxpayers with annual turnover less than 5 crore need to file only quarterly returns.
Fully automated GST Refund module shall be implemented; multiple tax ledgers to be replaced by one; invoice details to be captured in a central system.
Connectivity Comprehensive restructuring of National Highways Programme to be done, to ensure creation of National Highways Grid of desirable capacity. Government envisions using rivers for cargo transportation, which will also decongest roads and railways.
657 km of metro rail network has become operational in the country.
The government has given a massive push to all forms of physical connectivity via PMGSY, Industrial corridors, Dedicated freight corridors, Bharatmala, Sagarmala, Jal Marg vikas and UDAN schemes.
Custom duty Basic customs duty on certain items to be increased to promote the cherished goal of Make In India.
Import of defence equipment not manufactured in India are being exempted from basic customs duty.
5% customs duty being imposed on imported books, to promote domestic publishing and printing industry.
Swachh Bharat Mission Proposal to expand Swachh Bharat mission to undertake solid waste management in every village.
India to be open defecation free (ODF) by October 2 2019. To mark this occasion, Rashtriya Swachhata Kendra to be inaugurated at Raj Ghat, on the same day.
Gandhi-pedia ‘Gandhi-pedia’ too to be developed on the lines of Encyclopedia to help promote Gandhian school of thought.
Education and research Establish a National Research Foundation to fund, to coordinate and to promote research in the country.
National Research Foundation to be set up to strengthen overall research ecosystem in the country; funds available under all Ministries to be integrated with NRF.
New National Educational Policy to be brought in to transform Indian educational system; major changes in higher as well as school system to be introduced.
Rs 400 crore under head, World Class Institutions in 2019-20, more than three times the revised estimates of previous year. ‘Study In India’ to be started to bring in foreign students into Indian higher education system.
The Stand Up India Scheme which focuses on skill development has been extended upto the year 2025. Multiple labour laws to be streamlined into a set of four Labour Codes. New-age skills like AI, Big Data, VR, robotics and internet of things to be promoted.
Digital payments To discourage business payments in cash, Tax Deduction at Source of 2% to be levied on cash withdrawal exceeding Rs 1 crore in a year from a bank account.
Business establishments with annual turnover more than 50 crore rupees may offer low-cost digital payments; no charges or merchant discount rates to be imposed on customers or merchants for these.
Strategic disinvestment of select Central Public Sector Enterprises will continue to be a priority; Strategic disinvestment of Air India will re-initiate; 1 lakh 5000 rupees is disinvestment target for 2019-20.
Rural By 2022, every single rural family except those who are unwilling to take the connection, will have an electricity and a clean cooking facility.
In second phase of PMAY-Gramin, 1.95 crore houses to be provided to eligible beneficiaries, during 2019-20 to 2021-22; they will have amenities such as LPG, electricity and toilets.
10,000 new Farmer Producer Organizations to be formed to ensure economies of scale for farmers over the next five years.
SFURTI envisions 100 new clusters in 2019-20 to help 50,000 artisans economically.
Pension Pension benefit to be extended to around 3 crore retail traders and shopkeepers with an annual turnover less than Rs 1.5 crore under Pradhan Mantri Karam Yogi Man Dhan Scheme.
Space To harness India’s space ability commercially, a public sector enterprise, New Space India Limited (NSIL) has been incorporated to tap the benefits of Isro.
Social stock exchange Electronic fundraising platform, a social stock exchange, to be set up to list social enterprises and voluntary organizations working for social welfare objectives.
NRIs Aadhaar card for NRIs with Indian passports to be issued after their arrival in India, without waiting for the mandatory 180 days.
To provide NRIs seamless access to Indian equities, NRI portfolio investment route to be merged with foreign portfolio investment route.